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Weeds and Plant Identification
Horsenettle - Solanum carolinense

Field Shot

Fruit

Leaf

Plant

Spines
 
 

 
Horsenettle Solanum carolinense L.
Solanaceae (Nightshade family)
 
Life cycle
Spreading to erect, patch-forming perennial.
 
Leaves
Alternate, egg-shaped, shallowly to deeply lobed, 2 to 5 inches long with sharp, prominent prickles on the leaf veins, midveins and petioles. Star-shaped hairs are present on both leaf surfaces.
 
Stems
Spreading to erect, herbaceous stems with multiple branching, up to 3 feet in height. Stemshave sharp, prominent prickles and star-shaped hairs.
 
Flowers and fruit
Flowers are white to pale purple, star-shaped with five petals fused at the base and found in clusters on prickly flowering stalks. Flower centers consist of bright yellow, cone-shaped anthers. Berries are yellow at maturity, globe-shaped, wrinkled and approximately 0.5 inch across, and contain up to 170 seeds.
 
Reproduction
Seeds and deeply penetrating vertical to horizontal creeping roots.
 
Toxicity
All plant parts are toxic to animals.

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